Morgoth, originally called Melkor, was the first dark lord and originator of evil in Middle-earth during the First Age.
It was created by Eru Ilúvatar, the creator god of the Universe. He is part of the group of Ainur, powerful creatures who were to help Eru Ilúvatar to manage the Eä world. Alas, Morgoth rebelled against his creator.
Middle-earth then falls under the influence of Morgoth. This one repopulates the continent with decomposing creatures that it reanimates. He built a first fortress named Utomno in the far north, then a second fortress in the west of Middle-earth, which he called Angband. This construction is established on the Iron Mountains. His faithful lieutenant Sauron becomes the commander. The Valar hesitate for a long time to confront Morgoth, for fear of causing widespread collateral damage on the continent. Morgoth discovers the race of Elves, he tortures them, thus creating the orcs.
The Valar finally decide to face Morgoth during the War of the powers. After a difficult siege, they manage to capture him. He was then thrown into the caves of Mandos where he remained there for 300 years. However the Valar do not explore the fortress of Utomno in its entirety, which allows Sauron to prosper. Morgoth manages to corrupt the Elves of Valinor. He then manages to escape, steals the Silmarils, the jewels that preserve the light of the Trees of Valinor, and later takes refuge in his stronghold of Angband. Using the Balrogs, he faces several Elven armies which he destroys. He creates the first dragon, after more than a century of work, which he calls Glaurung. This one helps him repel several attacks from Elves.
The king of the Ñoldor, Fingolfin, manages to force Morgoth out of Angband for an epic fight where both are badly injured. As Morgoth prepares to finish Fingolfin, who has fallen to the ground, he has his face lacerated by Thorondor, King of the Eagles.
Morgoth was defeated in the War of the Great Wrath by the army of Valinor. In a final battle, the Valar slew all the Balrogs, the orcs who covered the entire region of Belleriand, so numerous were they. They struggled against the winged dragons who spat terrible jets of flame. These were decimated with the help of the Eagles led by the half-elf Eärendil. The great army of Morgoth is then defeated, and he resolves to surrender to the Valar who chains him, and breaks his iron crown. He was then banished from the world of Arda and cast through the Gates of Night, into the timeless void. The Silmarils were eventually recovered.
Sauron was imprisoned in Númenor. He manages to escape by urging the local king and his followers to worship Morgoth. He later becomes the second Dark Lord.
A prophecy predicts that Morgoth would one day return.
In unpublished writings by Tolkien, Morgoth breaks down the Gates of Night, engages in the Battle of Battles (Dagor Dagorath), and is killed by a man named Túrin Turambar.
We gave 590 for the date of Morgoth's death, but in reality he is immortal.
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