Jean-Luc Mélenchon's proposals on the themes of immigration, with integration, assimilation, creolization, undocumented migrants, during political debates in view of the French presidential election of 2022.
Of the 400,000 legal immigrants who arrive in France each year, most of these people who come leave, especially a third of them who are students. We should be delighted that these students come to learn in France and that they create with our country an intellectual bond which will strengthen over time the relationship we have with their country of origin. We must be so that France is a country where we can come to study and we must denounce the current policy which has increased registration fees to drive people out.
France is the country which practices the most in Europe and for the longest time a form of creolization which is assumed. It is nothing more than the creation of a common culture of the people who are in the same place. We are the only country in Europe that says we are Gallo-Romans. The Spaniards could have said that they were Ibero-Romans, they gave 3 emperors and the philosopher Seneca. From the start, cultures come in and form something in common. So much so that France is this interesting mixture, unique in the world, singular, grandiose, which allowed very different people to manufacture something in common, which in the end culminated in the extraordinary idea of human rights, which gave rise to a revolution which was not made for the French but for all of humanity. The greatness of France was due to this process. Creolization is not a choice, it is a reality. We must not put people in boxes, or show an abstract universalism. Creolization causes human beings to come together and form something in common. What has fertilized France is this immense idea of the human being who is the creator of his own history, it is humanism. This is what France is the heiress to, she is continually betting on the human being.
Muslims cannot be forced to choose between Islam and France, any more than the previous generation admitted that Jews are asked to choose between their religion and France, nor Christians. Religion is a private matter. What we have in common is the city. The law of the city is imposed on everyone, no one disputes it. There are those who flout it, but for all that nobody says that the law does not exist. Overseas societies were the first to creolize because the people who had been deported from Africa for slavery and who had been put there did not speak the same languages. And the masters had an interest in creating an absolute distance between the master and the slave. The society of all these people has created a common culture. Martinique, Guadeloupe, Réunion are deeply Creolized lands. This did not create an addition of communities, but a common community under the rule of law and which produced a common culture. Creolization is therefore a process in which no one dominates the other, it is a common creation.
Assimilation does not exist, what does exist is creolization. We go through stages, with the integration of those who arrive. If integration is successful, that we speak the same language, that the children are educated, if we have taken charge of welcoming newcomers, then France wins French people who come from another culture with different ideas. Assimilation would mean that there is something invariable that one should be like. The only invariable thing to which one must adhere are the principles of the republic as they were born. In the revolution of 1789, in what Johann Wolfgang von Goethe had said which opened the modern era, it was the victory of the sovereign people.
Islam has prescriptions like the bible has, on the way of eating, etc ... Christianity brings the idea where one practices a virtue with regard to others. This virtue is also present in Islam. Religions are not the business of politicians, it is a private affair. The whole of the Maghreb is in Malikite Islam with the law that applies is that of the country. There is the mu'tazilite current which was one of the nuclei which allowed the fertilization of humanism. The republican religion is respected by everyone except a bunch of people who violently oppose it here and there. The republican religion is the one that allows us to live together. The consumption of social benefits by immigrants exists, it is related to their own contribution to the work of the country. What they consume is less important than what they themselves donate.
We must regularize the undocumented.
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