The main resource that would interest large multinationals on the Moon would be deuterium-helium 3 which could be a tremendous energy to power future space installations and shuttles.
Otherwise the lunar soil is packed with oxygen, silicon, iron, titanium, calcium, aluminum, and magnesium.
There is a potential deposit of 100,000 tonnes of helium 3 on the moon. However, 3 tons of helium 3 would be enough to fill a country such as the United States with energy for a whole year. Helium 3 comes from solar winds.
But the entry into the atmosphere of such materials would be extremely dangerous. Therefore, it is thought that this element will only be used in space to provide energy bases on the Moon, on Mars, as well as spacecraft.
The main problem in the future extraction of these materials on the Moon, Mars or the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter is the radiation covering the natural satellite that does not have an atmosphere. Especially during solar flares with violent emitted radiation that then cross the largest armor. As a result, the risk of having cancer is increased. Thus only autonomous vehicles and robots could extract minerals. Or create an underground base could solve this problem.
China is studying the possibility of installing mines on the moon. The Russian company SP Koolev Rocket and Space wants to build a lunar base to extract helium 3 within ten years. In other countries there are more obstacles on the part of oil and nuclear lobbies.
According to Professor Ouyang Ziyuan, who leads the Chinese lunar exploration program, the moon would be so rich in helium 3 that it could solve the energy problem of humanity for the next 10,000 years.
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