Here is a table with the countries that produce the most ruthenium on the planet. This platinoid is mainly produced in South Africa. Ruthenium is first used in electrical contacts (in aeronautics), especially to harden platinum and palladium alloys. A very thin film of ruthenium is sufficient to achieve durability of metal rods in electronics. This metal costs ten times less than rhodium, while having the same properties. Ruthenium dioxide is very useful for covering the resistors of electronic chips, along with bismuth and lead ruthenates.
Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above.
This page contains references to products from one or more of our advertisers. We may receive compensation when you click on links to those products. For an explanation of our advertising policy, please visit this page.