The words of the environmentalist Yannick Jadot on agriculture and in particular the common European agricultural policy, as well as organic food, in relation to the presidential election in France for the year 2022.
A new common agricultural policy.
With the common agricultural policy since the 1960s, every year 13 billion euros go to agriculture. Yet in 20 years we have lost half of the peasants, 20-30% of insects and birds have disappeared. We have 1 suicide a day because of debt. We must negotiate the new common agricultural policy, renegotiate part of their debt. The system is aberrant from the point of view of industrial logic. We must make the transition to a sustainable system, help farmers to provide organic products at a guaranteed price, install protein production, sign contracts to support farmers. It is imperative to get out of industrial farming, the one we never see, with unsustainable animal breeding conditions, which pollute enormously, fed with soybeans imported from Brazil which is destroying the Amazon. The breeding that must be promoted is that which we see, with animals which graze, which eat grass, with hens which come out. We must move towards the end of cage breeding.
We have to do without neocotinoids. You need hedges, grassy areas, so that aphids are eaten by other species. We must get out of the absolute constraint of yield. It is very likely that newborn birth defects are related to pesticides. Families affected by these deformities live next to corn and sunflower fields. France is the leading European country in terms of pesticide consumption.
More accessible organic.
We must lower the VAT on organic products. France is the only country in Europe where a conventional breeder or farmer receives more public aid than an organic farmer. Today at the European level, we are renegotiating the common agricultural policy, it is the largest European budget, it is 9 billion euros public per year on agriculture in France and yet we have reduced by 50% the number of farmers in the country in 20 years. More than a third of the peasants live on less than 350 euros per month. We have reduced, even massacred biodiversity, insects and birds. This is the model subsidized by public money. However, public money must not go towards what pollutes, towards what makes the peasants disappear and makes them more precarious, but towards quality products which are sold at a higher price, which make better remuneration for the peasants, which give us a quality food, which protects the environment. Organic is more expensive because it receives less aid, milk from factory farms is not expensive but we pay for it with our taxes. If we buy organic nowadays, it is essentially the consumers who pay the real prices. Public money must stop going on pesticides, factory farming and reward all those who go to organic farming.
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